Receptive aphasia, also known as Wernicke’s aphasia, fluent aphasia, or sensory aphasia, is a type of aphasia traditionally associated with neurological damage to Wernicke’s area in the brain. However, the key deficits of receptive aphasia do not come from damage to Wernicke's area; instead, most of the core difficulties are proposed to come from damage to the medial temporal lobe and underlying white matter. Damage in this area not only destroys local language regions but also cuts off most of the occipital, temporal, and parietal regions from the core language region. People with receptive aphasia are unable to understand language in its written or spoken form, and even though they can speak with normal grammar, syntax, rate, and intonation, they cannot express themselves meaningfully using language. Receptive aphasia is not to be confused with Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. Presentation When we want to speak, we formulate what we are going to say in Wernicke’s area, which then transmits our plan of speech to Broca’s area, where the plan of speech is carried out. Wernicke’s Area is located posterior to the lateral sulcus, typically in the left hemisphere, between the visual, auditory, and somesthetic areas of the cerebral cortex. A person with this aphasia speaks normally but uses random or invented words; leaves out key words; substitutes words or verb tenses, pronouns, or prepositions; and utters sentences that do not make sense.
They have normal sentence length and intonation but without true meaning. They can also have a tendency to talk excessively. A person with this aphasia cannot understand the spoken words of others or read written words. Speech is preserved, but language content is incorrect. Substitutions of one word for another are common. Comprehension and repetition are poor.
Patients who recover from Wernicke’s aphasia report that, while aphasic, they found the speech of others to be unintelligible. And, despite being cognizant of the fact that they were speaking, they could neither stop themselves nor understand their own words. The ability to understand and repeat songs is usually unaffected, as these are processed by the opposite hemisphere. Patients also generally have no trouble purposefully reciting anything they have memorized. The ability to utter profanity is also left unaffected, however the patient typically has no control over it, and may not even understand their own profanity. Damage to the posterior portion of the left hemisphere’s superior and middle temporal lobe or gyrus and the temporoparietal cortex can produce a lesion to Wernicke’s area and may cause fluent aphasia, or Wernicke’s aphasia. If Wernicke’s area is damaged in the non-dominant hemisphere, the syndrome resulting will be sensory dysprosody — the inability to perceive the pitch, rhythm, and emotional tone of speech.
Patients who communicated using sign language before the onset of the aphasia experience analogous symptoms. Luria's theory Luria proposed that this type of aphasia has three characteristics. 1) A deficit in the categorization of sounds.
In order to hear and understand what is said, one must be able to recognize the different sounds of spoken language. For example, hearing the difference between bad and bed is easy for native English speakers. The Dutch language however, makes a much greater difference in pronunciation between these vowels, and therefore the Dutch have difficulties hearing the difference between them in English pronunciation. This problem is exactly what patients with Wernicke’s aphasia have in their own language: they can't isolate significant sound characteristics and classify them into known meaningful systems. 2) A defect in speech. A patient with Wernicke's aphasia can and may speak a great deal, but he or she confuses sound characteristics, producing “word salad” in extreme cases: intelligible words that appear to be strung together randomly. 3) An impairment in writing. A person who cannot discern sounds cannot be expected to write.
See also Aphasia Expressive aphasia Schizophasia Conduction aphasia Logorrhoea Agraphia Paragrammatism Transcortical sensory aphasia References Further reading Klein, Stephen B., and Thorne. Biological Psychology. New York: Worth, 2007. Print. Saladin, Kenneth S. Anatomy & Physiology: the Unity of Form and Function. New York: McGraw-Hill Higher Education, 2010. Print.
External links Aphasia Center of California in Oakland, CA, U.S.
Hi. My name is Rozanne Israel I'm a registered Speech-Language Pathologist and owner of FUN TO TALK & Associates. Many of the new referrals that I receive often have questions about…Views: 35 406 By: Rozanne Israel
Hey guys today we’re going to be taking a look at Mucuna Pruiens (Pure –ree- ns). I will include links to information I’ve used in the course of this research as I’ve mentioned in all…Views: 38 315 By: BuzWeaver
Stroke is the leading cause… …of severe physical disability in the world. Frequently stroke survivors are left with partial paralysis… …on one side of the body. Fine motor skills can…Views: 659 By: Dasgelbem
In this visit, Dr. Esser will go into greater detail about the medications his patient will need to take. He will discuss why the medications are needed, their safety, and the goals…Views: 567 By: NHLBI
We're going to cover physical symptoms that you might see with a stroke. We're going to start by showing the facial droop. This is very common, this is what a person would look…Views: 6 330 By: Expertvillage
Tt was a case of 44 years old male who had head trauma and develop broca's aphasia and broca's aphasia it has 3 features first the patient present with comprehension speech…Views: 164 By: Mohamed Taryam