Next Generation Glaucoma Medications and Surgeries

Author: San Marino Eye | David D. Richardson, MD, Inc.

So what’s in the pipeline? Next-generation medications and surgeries in the pipe line. Medications Quickly, the medications that are—that you’re going to see—some of these are already available say in Japan and elsewhere but hopefully we’ll see these in the US. There’s essentially three new classes of medications: The Rho-Kinase or the ROCK inhibitors—they open the drain by relaxing the trabecular meshwork. The Norepinephrine Transporter Inhibitors or the NET Medications—they “turn on the faucet”. There’s one an FDA trials right now, which is a ROCK/NET. So it uses both of these. Just like the alpha-2 agonists, you could potentially get both a reduction in the flow (reduction in the production of fluid) as well as an improvement in the outflow—so that’s very exciting. Adenosine Receptor Agonists They work by increasing the outflow through the trabecular meshwork.

Modified Prostaglandin Analogs Now, these are basically Prostaglandin Analogue plus a Nitric Oxide. So they’re generally (you can think of some of these as) Prodrugs. They enter the anterior chamber, they’re split up into the prostaglandin and a nitric oxide.

Nitric oxide relaxes the trabecular meshwork and Schlemm’s canal increasing outflow.

Next Generation  Glaucoma Medications and Surgeries

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