Hypothyroidism vs Hyperthyroidism vs Hashimoto Thyroiditis (Thyroid Problems Symptoms & Explanation)

Author: Dr. Sten Ekberg

The standard treatment for thyroid issues of giving thyroid medication or iodine maybe one of the worst things that you can do for your thyroid issue stay tuned and find out why hey I'm Dr. Sten Ekberg with wellness for life and by subscribing to our channel you will learn everything that you need to know to master true health thyroid is one of the most important organs in the body and one of the most easily missed and one of the most misunderstood why is it so important well the thyroid is like a thermostat think of it as the accelerator for your metabolism you have about a hundred trillion cells in your body and every one of those cells have thyroid hormone receptors that means the thyroid dictates how quickly every cell in your body does what it does so when the thyroid slows down everything in your body slows down let's look at the symptoms if you have a thyroid problem it usually means that your hypothyroid hypo means underperforming that the hype the thyroid isn't doing enough and as a result if the thyroid slows down everything in your body slows down so you're gonna see symptoms like slow digestion poor digestion because your thyroid is involved with making hydrochloric acid to break down proteins you will see weight gain you will see fatigue you see course brittle hair you see swelling and edema even though these symptoms affect women mostly we find that people without symptoms also have the the problem of hyper thyroid and in our clinic we see this is equally rampant among men so these symptoms affect a tremendous number of people do you even know someone who doesn't have one or more of these if you do or someone you know it may be related to a hypothyroid so give us some feedback write down what your experience and let's see if we can clear that up for you so the other type of thyroid problem is hyper thyroid hyper means it is revving too fast it's doing too much so now all the cells of the body are accelerated so now you have things like anxiety and racing heart and excessive bowel movements excessive sweating trouble sleeping and on and on and on a typical medical sign is that you have bulging eyes very often these people also have unexplained rapid weight loss no matter how much they eat a ravenous appetite but they can't put any weight on that could also be hyper thyroid so again if you have any questions or you know someone like that don't hesitate to put down your questions and comments down below in the comment section and we'll try to address those for you it is also possible to alternate between hyper and hypo especially if your thyroid is under autoimmune attack called Hashimoto's thyroiditis so then while the thyroid cells are sluggish your thyroid slows down and then when some of those cells die from the attack now they spill their contents which is thyroid hormone and now you get a burst of thyroid hormones so now you're hyper for a while until that kind of wears off and the thyroid is sluggish again so especially in the early stages you can see that we'll talk a little bit more about Hashimoto's later in the presentation one of the most important things to understand is that the thyroid does not operate in isolation it is part of a bigger machinery and when we talk about thyroid function we're not only talking about the thyroid tissue and its ability to produce hormones we're talking about all the players all the systems that are involved with producing and stimulating and modifying and getting that thyroid hormone out to the target tissue which is all the cells that are going to use it anything that is not working out of all those pieces is going to create hypo or hyper thyroid typically hypothyroid so some of the key players are hypothalamus it is the master regulator of your hormones it controls the pituitary which is the master gland it manufactures most of the hormones and dispenses distributes secretes most of those hormones then we have the thyroid who makes the thyroid hormone and we have the liver and we have the gut so let's look at what each of those does in a little bit more detail so the whole process starts with the hypothalamus again it is the master regulator of your hormone it sits deep inside the head right about here and right below it is the pituitary and they're only about a half an inch apart so the hypothalamus asks do we have enough thyroid hormone and if the answer is no it sends out a messenger called trh or thyroid releasing hormone and it basically says to the pituitary go tell the thyroid to make some more hormone so the pituitary does what it's told and it relays the message and it sends out a message called TSH or thyroid stimulating hormone and it is received by the thyroid that looks like a little butterfly and sits right under your Adam's apple and TSH tells the thyroid that it's time to go to work we don't have enough thyroid hormone better make some and now the thyroid says okay I get the message let me make some sigh roid hormone and it makes two types of thyroid hormone it makes one called t4 and one called t3 and even though t3 is the more active one it makes mostly t4 and then it puts this out into circulation and it leaves the liver to activate it so the liver gets to determine how much activation is going on and the liver sits right about here now the liver gets the t4 which is named that way because it has four iodine molecules on it and through an enzymatic process it takes away one and now leaves three so it's called t3 but not all of this t3 turns out perfect about 60% of it becomes active perfect t3 20% of it becomes reverse t3 and that's basically backwards it's good for nothing and the body is just going to get rid of it but the interesting part is the last 20% which is a inactive form of t3 that can potentially be activated and it is sent to the gut so this can be a bit of a problem now because the last 20% of thyroid activity depends on how healthy the gut is and very few people have a healthy gut this thyroid hormone can be activated by healthy gut bacteria but after all of the antibiotics and all the processed foods and all the sugars and all the chemicals very very few people have a good healthy flora that is capable of activating this hormone so as much as 20% can be lost and not available to the tissues on the other hand if we have a supremely healthy gut now all of a sudden 20% more of activated t3 can be available to the tissues so now we need to finish the cycle and see if it all worked so the hypothalamus sent out a message and now it wants to see if it worked so it monitors again and it checks how much t4 is available now and if there is enough t4 available then it backs off it it orders less because there is enough this is called negative feedback so if there's more available of the end product it's going to turn off the same that initiated the process and by reverse if we still don't have enough thyroid hormone then the hypothalamus is going to ask again it's going to raise its voice and demand louder and more so now those order hormones the trh and the TSH is going to go up and now we have what's called hypothyroid now how do they deal with this in standard care and how has this been dealt with in the last few decades and why are so many people feeling bad and experiencing so many of these symptoms even though their blood work says that they're perfectly normal well the first thing is that typically the only thing that they measure routinely is TSH and TSH isn't even a thyroid hormone it's pituitary hormone it only measures how many orders were placed says nothing about any of the other factors that we went over the other problem is that the range that they're looking at is humongous typically the range goes from 0.5 to 5.0 so you could be anywhere in that range and you could have a 0.5 or it could increase tenfold 10 times more and you're still just normal it's that as if nothing had changed well obviously there's a huge difference there's an enormous range of varying activity within that range so the problem is that they only measure TSH and then they assume that if TSH is high then it must be because the thyroid isn't doing its job so they supplement you with synthetic t4 called synthroid and it has a bunch of different names in the market but it's the synthetic thyroid hormone and now this thyroid hormone the synthetic hormone convinces the hypothalamus that there is enough thyroid around so the TSH comes down and looks good on the bloodwork and for some people this works relatively well at least for a while for others it doesn't work at all and that's because it's something else that is causing it but if we only measure TSH then we're missing the real problem one of the most common things would be that the liver is not converting the t4 to t3 so we have all this t4 floating around but we have no converted active t3 or very little active t3 available for the target tissues so now you're functionally hypothyroid the cells aren't getting what they need even though the blood work says that there's plenty of t4 and the TSH looks normal so in those cases sometimes they try what's called a natural thyroid hormone or armorer thyroid that has a mix of t4 and t3 and this works for some people so now there's a little bit larger percentage of people who see some symptom improvement however the single biggest problem with hyperthyroid is that as much as 90 percent of it today is autoimmune except they don't test for it for two reasons they don't know what to do about it and if they found it it wouldn't change anything that they do they would still just supplement thyroid hormones so Hashimoto's thyroiditis is an autoimmune disease the thyroid is being attacked for some reason the thyroid is extremely sensitive tissue it is very sensitive to heavy metals and to chemicals especially the ones that mimic hormones they're called endocrine disruptors and it could be anything from hormones and food to plastics or pesticides or chemicals that in any way look like a hormone and there's thousands and thousand of those around and if it is autoimmune if it is Hashimoto's then we know today that virtually all autoimmune disease starts with an unhealthy gut it starts with unhealthy gut bacteria antibiotics leaky gut allergies inflammation and so on so that is the thing that we have to fix and the problem with just giving people synthetic thyroid hormone is that the immune situation continues to deteriorate and even though the blood work looks good people are getting worse and worse and worse and they're setting themselves up for further autoimmune attack and that's something that we really want to avoid one more factor with Hashimoto's is that now we're kind of playing it by different rules and a lot of people are making this mistake because Hashimoto's is so common that if we get a natural thyroid hormone which is supposedly better it could actually trigger further immune responses further autoimmune attacks and the same thing can happen for the most common supplement that people take for thyroid namely iodine iodine can stimulate things in the thyroid that is more than the thyroid can handle at the time but it can also further aggravate that immune attack so we have to be really careful we have to know what we're dealing with so that we can do the right thing for the thyroid and there's one more thing that we want to understand that we could actually have a hypothyroid with a high TSH or we could have a hypothyroid with a low TSH and here is the mechanism if the thyroid is sluggish then the hypothalamus and the pituitary is supposed to order more so TSH goes up that's the classic hyper thyroid but what if we have a lot of stress we have a lot of cortisol in the system do you know anyone like that now that cortisol is actually going to shut down the production and the release of trh and TSH so now even though we don't have enough thyroid hormone the brain is has a little bit of an inflammation so it's not capable of placing the order so now TSH goes down even though our thyroid hormone levels are down and this we're seeing more and more and more this is a TSH that falls just a little bit on the low side it's not crazy crazy low but it is outside the sweet spot of 1.8 to 3.0 so the optimal range that we're looking for is 1.8 to 3.0 right in the middle is the sweet spot 2.5 they've developed some new guidelines because they realize that 5 is a really really high value and you've got problems long before that so they lowered the upper level to 3 but they still think it's sort of like cholesterol they still think that if high is bad then the lower the better right well in this case that's not true so anything below 1.8 also indicates hypothyroid but now it's probably stress and inflammation and cortisol mediated good to know let me quickly review that whole cycle again we have to have proper function from the hypothalamus the pituitary the thyroid the liver the gut and we have to have a proper feedback system we have to keep inflammation and cortisol low can you see why it's not all about the thyroid can you see why it's not as simple as simply putting in some synthetic hormone until the blood values look good again exactly now believe it or not but this is the really really simple version there is something called a Harrower shart and this was published already in 1932 we knew all this stuff almost a hundred years ago and if you look at this chart you see how incredibly complex the human endocrine or the hormone system is almost everything effects everything else so do you think it's even possible to throw something into the system and think that you're not going to upset the balance of something else that is what happens the Nature has taken millions and millions and millions of years with innate intelligence to perfectly balance and fine-tune this system that's why we can't just throw things in there we have to help the body re-establish the balance by addressing the thing that is not working we have to start addressing the cause so it turns out that the thyroid is almost never the primary problem it is almost always something else affecting or stressing or attacking the thyroid the only time that it is primary is if you're truly missing iodine if you live someplace where the soil lesson provide iodine then you could be deficient if thyroid doesn't have the raw materials to make the hormone and it tries to compensate it's it starts growing to have more cells to do the best they can with what little iodine is available again nature is incredibly intelligent is the exact appropriate response when you're missing iodine but that's about the only time that the thyroid would be the primary problem and then it's super easy to solve because you just take some iodine and that's it every other case whether it's autoimmune or whether it's thyroid cancer or there's a nodule that's over producing or something that's keeping it from producing every other case there's something else that is affecting it and in every other case we need to address and solve that other thing before we can fully restore health that is why so many people are feeling bad because they're not getting the true cause of the problem addressed they're just supplementing with the thyroid hormone and they're upsetting some other balance while they're ignoring the real problem and the body can't heal properly so remember that health is not merely the absence of disease but it is the optimal function and optimal well-being of the individual and all of the systems so when we have health we have energy and focus we can do all the things that we do and we enjoy life so if you enjoyed this please subscribe let us know if you have comments or questions down below we will do our very best to address them and make sure that you hit that bell so you can keep getting this important information thank you.

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