Basic First Aid : How to Treat a Foot Fracture
You know, throughout the course of everyday life, we're all going to incur some type of injury. Hi, I'm Captain Joe Bruni and what I'm going to go over and discuss is how to treat a foot fracture. A foot fracture may present itself by discoloration and swelling quite rapidly in the foot region. One of the first steps is to remove the shoe covering and the sock, if the person is wearing one, to expose the skin surface area so we can evaluate for discoloration.
Normally, with a foot fracture there's going to be discoloration rapidly and swelling. We can take some type of commercial cold compress or ice and place it over the foot with a cloth between the ice or the cold compress to avoid some type of cold injury to the skin. After ten to fifteen minutes of the application of ice, it should be removed so a cold injury does not occur. Ice will help to constrict blood vessels and reduce blood flow to the area helping to reduce pain and swelling. For the first two to three days, ice should be placed at regular intervals on the foot. If the foot is angulated, there may be also further injury into the ankle region. Keep the foot elevated and transport the person to the emergency department for x-rays and evaluation.
A foot may take a long time to heal if it has been fractured. So, try to keep the foot out of hot water like showering or bathing for the first week. A foot fracture can be a pretty painful experience but with proper treatment and care, prior to arriving to the emergency department, pain and swelling can be reduced. I'm Captain Joe Bruni. Stay safe and we'll see you next time.
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