ARTERIAL BLOOD GASES (ABGs) for NURSING SCHOOL & NCLEX | FEARLESSRN
Hey guys, it's me La La, here Ion FearlessRN Welcome back if you're new! I hope that you'll join the FearlessRN family by clicking that subscribe button and give this video a thumbs up and you know leave a little comment down below! I'd love to see who you are and get to know you a little better. Here on this channel, I provide videos on nursing, nursing tips, study tips, NCLEX, NCLEX Study tips and motivation. So if that's something that you are interested in, then please subscribe so you don't miss a beat!! As you can see by the title, this video is on ABG's so this will be a series of videos about 4 to 5 videos so please stay tuned for the upcoming videos! So let's go! The human body likes to live in a homeostasis state, in a balance. We know that in order for the body to properly function things must be balanced. You gonna hear me say balance a lot! It's important for the acids and base in the body to be balanced. When there's an imbalance, the body will try to fix it by compensating.
So now what are ABG's? ABG's stands for Arterial Blood Gases and they're used to evaluate the acid and base balance. And the pH? The pH tells us whether the blood is acidic, alkaline or neutral. It also tells the balance between carbon dioxide which is regulated by the lungs and bicarbonate which is regulated by the kidneys. So it's important to know what a normal pH is. The values are 7.35 to 7.45. So anything less than 7.35 is considered acidic. That's a huge problem. Itcan lead to coma even death.
Anything more than 7.45 is considered alkaline. That causes excitement to the brain. Tt can lead to convulsions and even death as well. In a ABG's, it's important to know these chemicals. The Lung chemicals and the Kidney chemicals. The Lung chemicals is carbon dioxide and carbon dioxide is an acid. The Kidney chemicals are bicarb which is a base and hydrogen which is an acid. These chemicals can make you sick or whenever there is an imbalance then they'll..
Then the body will try to compensate for that. You may be wondering compensation? How does the body compensate for any, you know, out of whack any imbalances? So when the acid base is imbalance the respiratory or the lungs will work much faster. That's the quickest way to fix any imbalances.
So the way that the body removes any imbalances in regards to the acid via the lungs, it will cause a person to hyperventilate. So increasing respirations means you're blowing off a lot of acid (Carbon Dioxide) remember? Acid. And therefore you're left with an excess of base and obviously the other way is by Hypoventilation. When there's a decrease in respirations so you're not breathing as frequent as you should so in turn you're holding on to too much acid. So remember there's always a high and a low and you definitely want to be in between because then it causes problems. When going over acid bases you want to know the normal values. So as mentioned before pH normal value is 7.35 to 7.45, pa02 is 80 to 100 , the paC02 is 35 to 45 and the HC03 is 22-26.
So that's all for this first video on acid base. So please stay tuned for the next video coming up on the acid-base imbalances where I'll share with you some signs and symptoms and you know, how to treat them. So see you later and thank you so much for watching! Please don't forget to give it a thumbs up if you found this video helpful, if you enjoyed it a little bit, you learn something new! And please subscribe and you know, share this video out with somebody it may help someone! See you guys later and good luck bye!.
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