Hi and welcome back to the PreReg Central YouTube channel In this video I am going to be discussing Conjunctivitis the major causes conjunctivitis as well as its treatments As a pre-registration trainee you should be aware of the the major causes of conjunctivitis which include allergic, viral and bacterial causes so firstly we should discuss viral conjunctivitis This type of conjunctivitis is caused by a virus the patient would generally complain of a gritty discomfort in the eyes a watery discharge and systemic symptoms such as a sore throat or flue-like symptoms which may also be present symptoms may last for a few weeks and the mainstay of treatment is using a cool compress. Lubricant eye drops may also help to provide comfort it's important to note that viral conjunctivitis is highly contagious and patients should be made aware of this so as to limit the spread of the infection The second cause we shall discuss is bacterial conjunctivitis. Although symptoms may be similar to viral conjunctivitis in that a patient would complain of mild gritty discomfort a key differentiator is that bacterial conjunctivitis is associated with a crusty discharge which is usually noticed by a patient upon waking up in the morning Treatment involves Chloramphenicol drops which are to be used every four hours for the first hours, and then four times daily for the remainder of the course Finally allergic conjunctivitis affects both eyes and a patient is likely to complain of warery, itchy eyes. The patient is likely to suffer from other allergic conditions such Hay fever. This condition may be treated by antihistamines or mast cell stabilizers, for instance Sodium cromoglicate eye drops may be used four times daily. In addition patient should be advised to avoid the stimulus which triggers the condition I hope you found this video beneficial. Please subscribe to our YouTube channel and follow us on Twitter and Facebook. Also, be sure to check out PreReg Central.co.uk - it's all you need, in one place!.
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